What Trump’s budget proposal means for science, health and tech

in April 2016. The agency’s research budget would be halved ($483 million to $249 million), with most of the remaining funds going to projects conducted in-house. Corps of Engineers: 16 percent
2017: $6.0 billion
Skinny: $5.0 billion
Full: $5.0 billion
The OMB justifies a $1 billion cut to the Army Corps of Engineers by calling on the group to prioritize the maintenance of existing infrastructure over the construction of new projects. The Office of Management and Budget claims the result would be $267 million in savings for 2018 and $3.3 billion in savings by 2019. The department recovers some savings — $70 million — by terminating the construction of the Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility, a multibillion-dollar, over-budget project in South Carolina slated to dispose of at least 34 metric tons of surplus U.S. The EPA’s enforcement budget would drop by 24 percent ($548 to $419 million), while cleaning up hazardous Superfund sites would dip by 30 percent ($1.1 billion to $762 million). Since many Native American communities do not collect taxes, these federal funds often represent the sole source of money for public projects. These utilities provide low-cost energy from federal dams to western states. Habitat restoration work continues along the Buffalo River, a project expected to be complete by 2019. The budget argues these standards can be implemented by the private sector. The budget also kills $714 million in the department’s community services block grants, which are designed and distributed to “alleviate the causes and conditions of poverty in communities,” including people who are homeless, migrants or elderly. Photo by NOAA
Sticking to its word, the White House plans to cut $262 million worth of funding for NOAA grants and education programs, including the Sea Grant, the National Estuarine Research Reserve System, Coastal Zone Management Grants, the Office of Education and the Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund. U.S Department of Agriculture: 21 percent cut
2017: $22.6 billion
Skinny: $17.9 billion
Full: $17.9 billion
The Trump administration calls for reducing the budget for the Department of Agriculture by $20 billion by 2022. The full budget must be approved by Congress. There should be an embedded item here. National Science Foundation: 11 percent cut
2017: $6.9 billion
Skinny: Not mentioned
Full: $6.1 billion
NSF-supported researchers at Penn State demonstrate the “Brain in Action,” showing live recordings of an individual’s brain and demonstrating how people can train their brains using language and thinking games at the USA Science and Engineering Festival in Washington D.C. Energy Secretary Rick Perry praised Trump’s fiscal request for 2018, which removes just more than $1.5 billion from the department charged with funding energy projects and securing the nation’s nuclear stockpiles. NASA: 1 percent cut
2017: $19.2 billion
Skinny: $19.1 billion
Full: $19.1 billion
NASA’s Juno planetary probe, enclosed in its payload fairing, launches atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Photo by Ryan/Beyer/via Getty Images
The Trump administration aims to reduce the budget for the Department of Agriculture by $20 billion by 2022, though this plan would hinge on comprehensive changes to the U.S. A DOE arm responsible for pursuing high-impact breakthroughs in energy research — the Advanced Research Project Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) — is essentially kaput; its proposed budget shrinks from $290 million to $20 million in the next year. Photo Courtesy of Buffalo Niagara Riverkeeper
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The White House’s full budget request for 2018, sent to Congress on Tuesday, seeks sharp cuts to cancer research, climate science and children’s health insurance. The Energy Star program, which sets efficiency standards for consumer appliances and other products, is also eliminated. In Trump’s final budget, the Department of Health and Human Services would shrink to $65.3 billion, down nearly 20 percent from the previous year. The budget also eliminates the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, a standalone agency that conducts evidence-based research about health care safety, and merges it with NIH. According to the budget, these grants “are not directly tied to performance, which limits incentives for innovation,” and support “services that are duplicative of services that are funded through other Federal programs.” And the budget eliminated the $3.4 billion Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program “to reduce the size and scope of the Federal Government and better target resources.” The program covers heating and cooling bills for low-income homes and funds weatherization. The post What Trump’s budget proposal means for science, health and tech appeared first on PBS NewsHour. It would be the deepest cut in more than two decades. The White House plans to do this largely by reducing farm subsidies, namely for those farmers making more than $500,000 per year, as well as insurance payouts for lost crops in general. The DOE’s budget cuts focus primarily on the department’s non-defense programs. Department of Energy: 6 percent cut
2017: $29.7 billion
Skinny: $28.0 billion
Full: $28.0 billion
While they might look like drops of water or soap bubbles, these colorful figures are actually photomultiplier tubes that line the walls of the Daya Bay neutrino detector. Photo by Rhoda Baer/via NIH Flickr
Trump’s budget reduces the National Institutes of Health by nearly one-fifth to $26 billion. Grants for research and development in four areas– energy efficiency and renewable energy, fossil energy, nuclear energy and electricity delivery and energy reliability — lose 60 percent of their funding in the proposal. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: 1 percent cut
2017: $5.8 billion
Skinny: $5.6 billion
Full: $5.6 billion
Giant tube worms are one species that lives around hydrothermal vents on Earth. Meanwhile, the nation’s capital loses a federal investment in the Washington Aqueduct; the Trump proposal argues that local government or private ownership of the water supply would be more appropriate and mitigate risk for taxpayers. The budget also slashed training for health professions and nursing by 80 percent. But here’s a look at how the proposal would affect science, health and tech. Within the next two years, the DOE would also look to sell assets in government-owned electric utilities, which include the Southwestern Power Administration (SWPA), Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) and Bonneville Power Administration. Trump’s budget proposal calls for cuts to Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program, which covered nearly 9 million children in FY 2016. Photo by Dick Swanson/via Flickr
The full budget restates the earlier proposal to cut funding for the Environmental Protection Agency by 31 percent, creating deep cuts across the board. Meanwhile, DOE would also sell half of its strategic petroleum reserve, the world’s largest supply of emergency crude oil. The Food and Drug Administration would be slashed by nearly a third, or $854 million, with the largest cuts in actual dollars to Medicare and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. It would halve the EPA’s research funding and end NASA’s education office. The NSF issues about 11,000 new grants per year for research and education projects, while backing a quarter of all non-medical — “basic” — research at America’s colleges and universities. CDC Director Tom Frieden said the $1.2 billion in cuts are “unsafe at any level of enactment.” The president’s budget would “increase illness, death, risks to Americans, and health care costs,” he said on Twitter late Monday. Environmental Protection Agency: 31 percent cut
2017: $8.2 billion
Skinny: $5.7 billion
Full: $5.7 billion
North Philadelphia Junkyard Stacked With Cars For Scrap Metal, August 1973. deaths. Photo by Tami Chappell/File Photo/Reuters
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lead the nation’s public health efforts. According to the final budget proposal, NIH will “conduct a review of health services research across NIH, identify gaps, and propose a more coordinated strategy for ensuring that the highest priority health services research is conducted and then made available to improve the quality of health care services.”
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: 9 percent cut
2017: $7.2 billion
Skinny: Not mentioned, except for $500 million for Zika outbreak response
Full: $6.3 billion
A general view of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) headquarters in Atlanta in 2014. “This budget delivers on the promise to reprioritize spending in order to carry out DOE’s core functions efficiently and effectively while also being fiscally responsible and respectful to the American taxpayer,” Perry said in a statement. While President Trump’s budget proposal echoes many points made in the abbreviated — “skinny” — budget released in early March, this week’s full budget request covers a wider scope and more detail into the Trump administration’s fiscal views on the nation’s science and research infrastructure. Meanwhile, voyages beyond our atmosphere would get a 4.5 percent boost, including $425 million for a flyby mission to Europa, a Jupiter moon that may be capable of sustaining life. Farm Bill. The proposal calls for cuts to several programs expanded by the Obama administration, including “funding for Clean Energy R&D, the Ocean Observatories Initiative, and Innovations at the Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water Services to focus on NSF’s core research programs.”
Department of Health and Human Services: 16 percent cut
2017: $78 billion
Skinny: $69 billion
Full: $65.3 billion
A view of the UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, California. But under the Trump administration’s proposal, the agency’s budget sinks to $6 billion, down 17 percent from $7.2 billion the previous year. weapon-grade plutonium, part of a disarmament deal made with Russia. Chemical Safety Board: 100 percent cut
2017: $12.4 million
Skinny: $0
Full: $9 million
As part of its overarching goal of removing regulations, the White House proposed in its skinny budget the elimination of the Chemical Safety Board, an independent agency responsible for investigating chemical spills and accidents at industrial facilities. Please visit the original post to view it. NASA’s education office would be terminated, a move the budget says will save $78 million in fiscal year 2018. READ MORE: As hundreds of toxic sites await cleanup, questions over Superfund program’s future
Categorical grants, which are issued to states and Native American tribes for the purposes of developing environmental protection programs, get slashed 45 percent — dropping from $1.07 billion to $597 million. As we reported in March, wastewater infrastructure grants and the $201 million McGovern-Dole International Food for Education fund are eliminated under the proposed budget. Overall, the budget proposal would cut more than 5,000 jobs from the department. Photo by Rob Margetta/National Science Foundation/via Flickr
The National Science Foundation — the funding organization credited for bar codes, the American Sign Language dictionary, gravitational waves and the early spine of the internet — would receive an 11 percent reduction in funding under Trump’s proposal. While international school feeding programs boost nutritional status, food security, school enrollment, attendance and gender parity, there are fewer concrete examples of improvements in academic achievement. The skinny budget, for example, omitted key departments and centers charged with science and health programs — such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Science Foundation. Such grants support projects to clean water, air, waste, pesticide and toxic substances from the environment. The White House issued a separate document on major saving and reforms, which justified this move by stating “many states have been delegated authority to implement and enforce Federal environmental laws including the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and Safe Drinking Water Act.”
The budget calls for the elimination of the Indian Community Development Block Grant Housing and Urban Development, which is provided by the Department of Housing and Urban Development and funds similar environmental programs for Native American tribes. Under this plan, the Weatherization Assistance Program, which promotes energy efficiency developments for low-income families, is eliminated. Photo by REUTERS/Lucy Nicholson. The first step in this process would be a $2 million reduction in funding for the Chemical Safety Board for 2018. READ MORE: Trump’s proposed budget would gut Great Lakes cleanup, a ‘game-changer’ for the region
Geographic programs, such as the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative and Chesapeake Bay Program, lose the entirety of their $427 million funding. Photo by NASA/Kenny Allen
NASA would eliminate five Earth science missions: the Radiation Budget Instrument for tracking Earth’s thermal radiation, the PACE mission for monitoring aerosols and ocean color, the OCO-3 satellite that measure carbon dioxide levels, DSCOVR Earth-viewing instruments for space weather recordings and the International Space Station’s CLARREO Pathfinder for measuring Earth reflectance. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt/Lawrence Berkeley and Brookhaven National Labs/Department of Energy
U.S. Trump’s budget also boosts the National Nuclear Security Administration’s budget by $1.4 billion. Neutrinos and antineutrinos are neutral particles produced in nuclear beta decay when neutrons turn into protons. Picture was taken as part of the EPA’s DOCUMERICA Project. The budget calls for cuts to Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program, which covered nearly 9 million children in FY 2016, that would amount to $616 billion in cuts over a decade, if enacted. The Trump administration wants to slash the National Cancer Institute’s budget by 19 percent, down to $4.47 billion, at a time when cancer is on the brink of becoming the most prevalent cause of U.S. ThinkProgress reports already approved grants for ARPA-E have been denied or delayed since the skinny budget’s release in March. READ MORE: How cancer could emerge as the leading cause of death in the U.S. National Institutes of Health: 19 percent cut
2017: $31.7 billion
Skinny: $25.9 billion
Full: $26 billion
Researcher looking through a microscope at a National Eye Institute laboratory. The latter feeds three million children and families overseas, but the OMB states “school feeding programs in developing countries are usually high-cost investments with little to no returns, and are usually ineffective in achieving their goal to improve nutrition and learning outcomes.”
OMB is right.